why is serpentine the california state rock

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Serpentinite from the Klamath Mountains, California (sample courtesy of Hannah Scherer; photo from Brian Romans). Serpentine is related to the rocks that hosted the gold that made California a state. If organizations really are concerned about educating the public about asbestos and mesothelioma, why make the state rock go away? Serpentine is California’s state rock. California designated serpentine the official state rock in 1965 (California was the first state to designate a state rock). Serpentinite is a unique and beautiful rock that’s rare in most of the world. Serpentine is a The state rock of California is the serpentine, and it was officially designated in 1965. •    There is no such mineral as “chrysotile asbestos”; there is a mineral “chrysotile” that crystallizes into a fibrous material referred to as asbestos but not all varieties of serpentinite contain it. Serpentine minerals are made of tiny sheets of silica tetrahedrons that are loosely held together. California was the first state to designate an official state rock, Serpentine in 1965. It is the state rock of California, USA and the California Legislature specified that serpentine was "the official State Rock and lithologic emblem." Chrysotile often occurs as fibrous veinlets in serpentine. Species-rich archipelagos of communities comprise 1.5% of the state's land area. It’s unclear to me. California has a greater number of minerals and a wider variety of rock types than does any other state. Serpentine is a metamorphic rock that forms underneath the ocean, where it is squeezed by colliding continental plates and forced upward. One of the more interesting bits of history I’ve learned following this story is that the original 1965 proclamation of serpentinite as the state rock was motivated by a desire to highlight its economic and commercial importance as a source of mined asbestos. Serpentine is a group of minerals, one of which is chrysotile, the most common component in the industrial material known as asbestos. Special to the Enterprise Although the state mineral is native gold, the official state rock for California is Serpentine. Serpentine is closely associated with gold deposits in the foothills, with the California Gold Rush, and California’s history. The recognition and study of serpentinite in California contributed to the understanding of modern plate tectonic theory. Supporters of this bill argue that having a rock with an association with harmful derivative materials is inappropriate for a state symbol. Chrysotile asbestos is sometimes found in … California Senate Bill SB 624 is intended to strike off serpentine as the state rock, claiming. Serpentine: California State Rock Earth & Space Science , ESS2: Earth's Systems , ESS2.A: Earth Materials and Systems This California Geological Survey bulletin describes the state rock, serpentine. Serpentine soil habitats are often home to many native species … California designated Benitoite as the state gemstone in 1985. As one blogger put it, the only way a piece of serpentinite might be harmful is if someone hurled a piece at you. – is a rare rock type whose source is the mantle of the earth, dozens of miles below the surface. The term “serpentinite” is the proper term for the rock that is mostly made up of one or more of the serpentine group minerals. km) of serpentinite outcrops, and it is present in 42 of the 58 counties. As fits our state rock, it is brought to the surface by faulting and is known as a "regional metamorphic" -- a rock that requires large-scale faulting such … For one, asbestos is not a mineral - neither is serpentine (thus its place as "state rock"). Serpentine minerals form where peridotite, dunite, and other ultramafic rocks undergo hydrothermal metamorphism.Ultramafic rocks are rare at Earth's surface but are abundant at the oceanic moho, the boundary between the base of the oceanic crust and the upper mantle.. Serpentine is California’s state rock. km) of serpentinite outcrops, and it is present in 42 of the 58 counties. The state contains over 1,988 square miles (3,200 sq. Serpentinite – the state rock of California! These are igneous rocks that are composed of olivine and pyroxene (peridotite, pyroxenite).Serpentine group minerals occur less commonly in some olivine-bearing marbles … Serpentine and Its Plant Life in California Ffirst, a multiple definition: Serpentine vegetation grows on serpentine soils that weather from serpentine (serpentinite) rock that contains serpentine minerals (chrysolite, antigorite, lizardite, etc.). The asbestos in serpentine is mostly the less-harmful form, chrysotile, rather than the more dangerous form - amphibole. (According to the bill, California was the first state, in 1965, to name an official rock.) Why? The bill met with resistance from some California geologists, who noted that the chrysotile present is not hazardous unless it is mobilized in the air as dust. Serpentine group; Serpentine soil, a soil derived from the serpentine mineral Schikorr reaction, involving also the formation of magnetite and hydrogen by a very similar mechanism It is only found in … •    Serpentinite is a metamorphosed version of rocks that make up oceanic crust after they are incorporated into subduction zones (plate boundaries where oceanic plates are thrust under continental plates). California also designated gold as the state mineral in 1965. Here in California, however, we have North America’s largest exposures and we’ve made it our official state rock. [specify] In California, 10% of the state's plants are serpentine endemics. It can be found in … This is an important distinction. It’s almost a perfect choice for our state rock except that it is not found in Southern California. The state contains over 1,988 square miles (3,200 sq. Having serpentine as California's State Rock calls attention to these issues in many places; and provides a "teaching moment." Endemics make up about 10% of the CFP vascular plant endemics yet serpentine soils in California comprise < 1% of the state's surface. Serpentine is the state rock of California and takes its name from its mottled pattern, which is sometimes reminiscent of snakeskin. Serpentinite is brought to … It is the state rock of California, USA and the California Legislature specified that serpentine was "the official State Rock and lithologic emblem." Few plants can tolerate the chemical conditions in these soils, so many endemic plants grow there and nowhere else (the poppy is an obvious exception; it is classed as serpentine-tolerant plant, but grows in many environments). The primary reason, as stated in the bill, is because “serpentine contains the deadly mineral chyrsotile asbestos, a known carcinogen, exposure to which increases the risk of cancer mesothelioma.” Supporters of the bill include cancer awareness groups and other groups representing those dealing with mesothelioma. It varies in color, from apple-green to black and has a shiny, wax-like appearance with a soapy or greasy texture. Serpentinite is a metamorphic rock that is mostly composed of serpentine group minerals. Serpentine rock with veins of NOA. And now, someone is hijacking the state designation for reasons I find suspicious. The appropriate generalized formula is thus So, why is the issue coming up now? It contains the state's principal deposits of chromite, magnesite, and cinnabar. seconds to think about it. Learn the Facts About Serpentinite Before It's Removed as California's State Rock, bill introduced by California State Senator Gloria Romero. Much of the information presented in this post comes from the educating and advocacy about this issue by geoscience educator Garry Hayes at his blog Geotripper, Bay Area science writer Andrew Alden at geology.about.com, and environmental historian Jon Christensen from the Bill Lane Center for the American West at Stanford University. Serpentine is closely associated with gold deposits in the foothills, with the California Gold Rush, and California’s history. The current state rock, serpentine, is not the cause of mesothelioma in the state of California or anywhere else. Serpentine isn’t a single type of rock, but rather a suite of minerals, often called the serpentine subgroup. The ratios in the Klamaths are even more lopsided as serpentine covers about 14% of its land area, perhaps the most of any bioregion in the world.

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