Figure 19. They eat meat. Diana Renner (30) was mauled by Clem Dubose's privately owned lion when she inexplicably stepped into the cage while Dubose and a neighbor were renovating the enclosure. Thank you Melissa~ There were many errors in the initial media reports. ", "A pet serval was turned in, no questions asked, at an exotic pet amnesty day sponsored by the Florida Wildlife Conservation Commission. Scatter plot for exotic cat injuries and fatalities. December 14,2003 Millers Creek, NC: Ruth Bynum’s 400-pound Bengal tiger fatally mauled her 10-year-old nephew, Clayton James Eller, after pulling him under a fence and into his cage, authorities said. Big Cat Safety Incidents by Type of Incident - All Situations. Animal Bite Accident Statistics. Dec 18, 2015 Canada, BC: Creston RCMP say a cheetah was spotted along Highway 3a in the Crawford Bay and Kootenay Bay areas. They reported that Dianna was talking on her cell phone- this was false as her cell phone was charging in the food prep area. All zoos that are accredited by the AZA are also USDA licensed. Outcomes of Big Cat Safety Incidents - Zoological Facilities. Incidents causing injuries comprised only 25.4% of the total in private non-professional settings. Facts about Big Cats 3: the ranges of big cats. Fatalities are highly unlikely to not be reported, so they provide more nutritive information when comparing their occurrences by year. Since each group compiling information has slightly different priorities for what sorts of incidents they track, and typically maintains their information in long form rather than in a searchable database, the best way to get as complete a picture as possible of what incidents it was possible to track was to combine all of the extant databases. Predators need to kill and eat other animals to survive. (If It Barks) Each source was included because the organization compiling it has a vested interest in maintaining an accurate and up-to-date record of incidents involving captive big cats in the United States, as well as the funding and staffing to facilitate such an effort long-term. Common predators include, wolves, lions, cheetahs, and other big cats. "How and why he [Cous Cous] did that is kind of a mystery," Anderson said. Incidents in private non-professional settings generally occurred more frequently than in zoological facilities during the early years of the period reviewed [Figure 8]. CNN. Specifically, it is possible to identify the way misidentified wild felids may be influencing the data set, and to begin to get a sense of how the types of safety incidents that occur involving big cats have changed over the last two decades. June 7, 1994 Miami, FL: A senior zookeeper with 20 years’ experience was mauled and killed by a tiger at Miami Metrozoo. Where the risk is: Tiger licking his trainer. The cat was kept behind the family’s home in a cage that allowed the family dog to run in and out of the cage. Additional information: I could not confirm that the panther that attacked Frank Harmes was an actual escaped captive animal. Big Cat Safety Incidents by Year - Private Non-Professional. After the accident was investigated, The Fresno County Sheriff, USDA, California Fish and Wildlife and OSHA all came to the same conclusion- Dianna Hanson left the guillotine door open and made a horrible human error. The lion was discovered running loose on the property and was shot and killed by police. Retrieved December 14, 2018, from https://www.humanesociety.org/news/animal-welfare-coalition-applauds-reintroduction-big-cat-public-safety-act-prohibit-private. Pages in category "Big cat attack victims" The following 8 pages are in this category, out of 8 total. Animal bite accidents make up one of the most common types of personal injury claims in the United States. ", "May 28, 2003 Nampa, ID: At a roadside zoo called For the Birds, where visitors are allowed to pet tigers, a toddler was jumped on and licked by a 170-pound tiger. When risky enclosure entering is attempted, handlers should be aware of the animal at all times. How often do big cats and other exotics attack? Renee was survived by her husband, Aaron Chapman, a former worker at the facility and their 5-month-old daughter, Noa Elise. Another death that has occurred while the keeper was feeding the animal in the enclosure alone, which is extremely dangerous. (pp. This list can be bigger as I couldn't verify if someone was doing something unauthorized in other incidences (and people would be inclined to lie about such actions). The Captive Wildlife Safety Act of 2003 defines “big cats” as including these species: tiger, lion, cougar, leopard, jaguar, snow leopard, clouded leopard, and cheetah. Everything he said was false except for the cause of death. These incidences have nothing to do with privately owned pets. Further research seemed to confirm that the serval and leopard incident were the same. This page contains a chart comparing statistics on cat and dog bites worldwide and for some selected countries where data is available. This lapse of judgement was a preventable, occupational hazard. Closed Compound: A situations in which an entity maintains a professional or semi-professional location for housing animals that is not open to the public. Figure 14. There was a cougar that killed a woman in Calif. March 31, 2003 Hennepin, IL: As William Olsen entered their pen to shift them to another enclosure, he was mauled to death by two tigers he kept in a backyard menagerie. The reported care of the animals suggests extremely irresponsible pet care standards. It had bitten her and was eating her while she was still alive. Nevertheless, animals engage in combat. Larue, M., Nielsen, C., Dowling, M., Miller, K., Wilson, B., Shaw, H., & Anderson, C. (2012). While big cat safety issues occurred with some regularity in zoological settings and only dropped to consistently low numbers in the last few years of the study period, incident rates in private non-professional settings dropped drastically after 2008 and have been maintained at nearly zero. (n.d.). Collectively, domesticated dogs caused the deaths of more humans last year (2014) than all exotic cats have in 25 years. She was visiting her son who worked there and had gone to feed the animals, which she reportedly had done before. Read 2 reviews from the world's largest community for readers. Nov. 9, 2013, Sherwood, OR: Renee Radziwon-Chapman, a 35 yr old woman was killed after she was bitten by a cougar at WildCat Haven. I saw Born Free. You can find big cats living in Africa, Asia, America and Europe. Similar bad parenting occurs when children are not supervised around domesticated dogs, which leads to injury and death. If Big Cat Rescue is correct in their position, they should not need to skew their data so blatantly. While the number of people killed in big cat safety incidents in all settings over the 18-year period of the study was small, only 15, the majority of them spent a lot of time in proximity to big cats, or took care of them directly [Figure 19]. It is even easier for anyone who does not want to put themselves at risk to stay out of the cage. James Eller is the brother of the two women. I was very, very lenient with adding incidences to the list. If Big Cat Rescue has chosen to include any negative incident involving captive big cats, the list will be extremely inaccurate because not every little scratch, small pet escape, or animal abandonment will be accessible online, just as they wouldn't be for dogs and cats, which are routinely involved in the same types of 'incidences'. The tiger had been used in the operation’s traveling animal show and featured in Shrine circuses. Incidents in the compiled data set were categorized by the species involved, the setting in which the incident occurred, the type of occurrence, and the outcome of the incident. All of these numbers are approximations to account for any errors I might have made with the numbers or appropriate categorization, and the undeniable presence of less serious attacks that have not been documented online. The keeper had unlocked a cage door and attempted to prod the animal in another direction when he was mauled. You can edit the text in this area, and change where the contact form on the right submits to, by entering edit mode using the modes on the bottom right. The importance of sturdy, well-made cages that adhere to the appropriate regulations and the use of staff or owners who are of the appropriate age to be the only individuals working with or maintaining large exotic felines cannot be underestimated. Baskin, C. (2018a, January 23). Cause of Cat Aggression and Attacks. It also has Tiger Attacking Deer and Gaur Buffalo, Cheetah Attacking […] Cat, Big. Cougars are Recolonizing the Midwest: Analysis of Cougar Confirmations During 1990-2008. Retrieved December 14, 2018, from https://bigcatrescue.org/big-cat-attacks-2000-2005/, Big Cat Incidents (Publication). The big cats are horribly easy to kill with poisoned meat, allowing poachers to hack off their faces and paws – but rangers are now on their trail Dale Anderson Executive Director Project Survival, 10 Small Exotic Cats That Are Kept As Pets, April 6, 2006, Duxbury (15 Mi. Attacks on Homeless. Pfaff opened the cage door to the jaguar enclosure and violated two zoo protocol rules in doing so. Volunteers participating in animal care and teenagers not responsible for animal care were infrequent targets of big cats during the period studied. But there is information on the list that doesn't even fit this criteria, as has been irrefutably proven. After 2005, the rate of incidents in this setting dropped sharply and stayed below 5 incidents per year from 2006 to 2018, with the exception of a single spike in 2008. In order to verify the claim that 'captive exotic cats are dangerous to the public' and people's fears that privately owned big cats may escape and cause fatalities such as domesticated dogs do annually, we need to assess how many of these incidences actually involved someone that did not make the decision to visit the animal, either caged or directly contacted. But because there are far more bully breed owners than exotic mammal owners, few have bothered to examine the claims being made about them. ; A kitten that's protecting its "territory" from a perceived threat or interloper (such as a small child or another animal) also may become aggressive. When you say attacked, it sounds gruesome, but it sounds like he just knocked her down and broke her neck.". The lion DID NOT lift the door and in fact, both the USDA veterinarian and Project Survival Cat Haven private veterinarian made statements that it was physically impossible for the lion to have lifted the heavy guillotine door. The friend was severely injured when he tried to stop the attack. This accident occurred in a USDA-licensed facility, and the circumstances behind it are not clear. It was a tragic human error. Dogs are also more likely to cause injury because they are traditionally less confined and allowed access to children (the most common victims), but unless there are prospects for big cat owners to start treating lions like pomeranians in the future, this is irrelevant. No uninvolved person has been killed by an escaped exotic cat in the last 25 years, and this time span probably extends much further. Given that there is no single source tracking the occurrence of incidents external to federal and state licensure, it is highly unlikely that there are more accurate data sets in existence than those maintained by the animal rights organizations that have been working for over a decade to end the private ownership of dangerous exotic animals. The types of incidents that occurred over this 18 year period [Figure 2] were essentially equally divided between attacks (45.7%) and escapes (46.2%). She also had 250 hours of supervised training with us before the accident happened. Michigan Radio Newsroom. This animal severely mauled a zookeeper in 2005 which was not listed by Big Cat Rescue. Anyone who does not knowingly visit places where exotic cats are being held has an almost non-existent, but not impossible, chance of being mauled by one. Attack: An incident in which a big cat made physical contact with a human in a manner inappropriate for the situation in which it occurred, Barrier Crossing: An incident in which someone specifically crossed, leaned over, or reached through a barrier that they were specifically prohibited from moving beyond, Escape: An incident in which an animal was outside it’s normal containment for a given situation, Dumped: An incident in which an animal was purposefully released in a public space, Public Endangerment: An incident in which someone removed a big cat from its proper containment, but remained in control of the cat. Figure 20. Home » Statistics » 38 Incredible Animal Attacks on Humans Statistics. The mauling happened in the presence of more than 40 preschoolers who were ushered away from the scene. Dec 17 2015 Durban South Africa: A tiger that had escaped from its enclosure at the Natal Zoological Gardens and Lion Park in Cato … Another handler was hospitalized with injuries to his knees and puncture wounds. Some of these involve very minor injuries, while others may result in serious or even fatal consequences. Zoological Facility: A business that maintains a stationary collection of exotic animals for the primary purpose of public exhibition. Any time a dangerous wild animal is kept in a captive setting, there is an associated safety risk. Facts about Big Cats 4: the roaring of big cats. These extant records have already provided substantial enough information on big cat safety issues in the United States to influence legislators around the country and inform the creation of both state and federal laws (Manning, 2012; Humane Society of the United States; 2017). Thank you. While bans on exotic cats remove all private owners from the equation, good and bad, licensed exhibitors, 'sanctuaries', and accredited zoos, which are a significant portion of the injuries and fatalities, are not harmed by them. It was also reported that she was showing the lion to her Italian boyfriend. Animals are not 100% predictable and small children are at a high risk of being seen as prey by tigers that only see adult humans as authority figures. May 7, 1997, Carrollton, PA: A tiger used in the Franzen Bros. African Lion Regional Studbook. A thorough examination of the data set suggests that some wildlife sightings over the last two decades have been mistaken for sightings of escaped exotic pets, and have therefore artificially inflated the number of recorded big cat safety incidents. Lauren Casey Villafana entered the cage as her stepfather, Bobby Hranicky, groomed one of his pet tigers. PETA's list (download) is superior because it only includes USA-based incidences but still has non-injurious attacks (including the 'licking' incident). February 24, 2007, Denver, CO: A 27-year-old Denver Zookeeper, Ashlee Pfaff, who has worked at the zoo for a year, was mauled to death by a 6 yr old, 140 lb jaguar named Jorge as she was working inside the animal’s cage. This is consistent with the previous graph showing a decrease in the total number of incidents after 2014. The above statement, Big Cat Rescue supported with big cat 'incidences' in the USA that includes at least 80 zoological facilities and at least 49 of these (more than half) were or are currently accredited by the Association of Zoos and Aquariums (AZA). Big Cat Safety Incidents by Type - Private Non-Professional. I have never raised either, but then I am certain that you have. Many animals can and do bite humans including But it was too late to save the boy. August 18, 2005, Mound Valley, KS: (AP) A Siberian tiger attacked and killed a teenage girl (Haley R. Hilderbrand) who was posing for photos at a family-run animal facility (exotic pet owner business) called Lost Creek Animal Sanctuary. Given the increasing public interest in big cat safety topics and the need for legislators and wildlife officials to understand where safety risks with captive big cats are highest, effective use of this database can serve as a tool for informing future advocacy and legislative efforts. We can never know for sure what causes unprovoked spontaneous attacks by human-socialized animals as no animals are 100% predictable. Tiger Species Survival Plan. The reports suggest she was inexperienced with the animal as she was described as 'scared', causing the lion to react and attack. Leopards were involved in almost as many incidents as cougars and lions, comprising 9.7% of the total incidents. The attack was quick and without warning, with an animal that was well-trained and human-socialized. White tiger shows off teeth. 32 minors were injured or killed in big cat safety incident during the period of this study [Figure 20]. Hi Melissa~ I work with Dale at Project Survival and am sending you the links to the correct reports. Big Cat Rescue states that no one knows how many "backyard" owners that aren't licensed exist in America. With prior professional experience in zookeeping, visitor education, shelter behavior management, and more, she works to translate pertinent field-specific knowledge into comprehensive explanations about current animal related topics. They're pretty much all wild, in the sense that one wrong move can make you prey. The nature of the facility—pet owner, zoological facility, or accredited by respected entities—plays little part in securing the safety of the people who work with the animals and the general public. These attacks comprise of compilations of Lion Attacking Hyena, Zebra & Buffalo, Leopard Attacking Porcupine, Deer & Wildebeest. The statistics are not always precise. Comparison of Big Cat Safety Incidents Over Time by Setting. I organized the events according to the nature of the facility and situation leading up to the attack to look for interesting trends. No incidences were placed in more than one category. One specific animal that was counted by multiple groups as an escaped pet, hit by a car crossing a highway in Connecticut, was positively identified in 2012 through a genetics sample as a known male that had dispersed from a population in North Dakota and that was recorded on camera traps travelling through Minnesota, Wisconsin, and New York before his journey ended in New England (Larue et al., 2012). (Fun fact, Big Cat Rescue, under the name Wildlife on Easy Street, appears on the list twice). What trends do we see? What matters is the public safety threat, not fantasy hypothetical situations. The big cats can roar. 29. We already know that attacks are rare to begin with, particularly if you aren't getting in the cage with a big cat or sticking your hand in, but how rare are incidences of escaped cats causing injuries or fatalities? The tiger was shot dead. However the success rate of each species can vary with pack animals more likely to successfully kill their prey. Circus killed a trainer Wayne Franzen in front of 200 horrified schoolchildren. More than two-thirds of incidents occurring in private non-professional settings (72.3%), caused no injuries to humans [Figure 16], regardless of whether they were the result of attacks or escapes. TORCH, Ohio October 22, 1992: A "liger," a cross between a lion and a tiger, dragged a keeper into its cage at a safari park and killed him, authorities said. People in the Sundarban Tiger Reserve of Bengal wear masks on the back of their heads to prevent tiger attacks since tigers only attack from behind. Turning your back on a big cat is a fatal error. Thank you. We know for a fact that the guillotine door was found in the fully open position and because of the way it operates, it would be impossible for the lion to have opened the door. While animals like servals and caracals are most definitely not big cats, I left them in. Fact Or Fiction: Examining Current Knowledge About The Captive Big Cat Crisis, Media Claims About The Tiger Population In The United States Are Frequently Exaggerated. Some cats defend territory. How many fatalities were caused by "pet" big cats? The percentages on my pie chart didn't change as I only have 8 incidences now with gate errors so everything is good now. So, are the low death rates occurring after the Big Cat Safety Act due to more regulation and bans, or are they just a coincidence? Retrieved December 14, 2018, from Association of Zoos and Aquariums. This was the second incident at the Second Nature Exotic Cats Sanctuary (see May 26, 2002/Hennepin, Ill.). Melissa A Smith (author) from New York on July 27, 2016: Joe Exotic: I believe that statement was taken from the words of one of your employees. The City of Aurora, Colorado Dog Bite Statistics by Breed and Intake, Euthanasia Data Over a Three Year Period (2017-2019) The City and County of Denver Dog Bite Statistics by Breed and Injury Severity Over a Three Year Period (2017-2019) Pit Bull Attacks Rise in Pawtucket After State Preemption Law Muted City's Successful Pit Bull Ban (2019) – Source. A very small number of animals (3.1%) were found to have been dumped out of private non-professional situations. The boy, Clayton James Eller, was shoveling snow Sunday afternoon near the tiger’s cage, an enclosure made of chain link “This little boy got too close, and it pulled him under the fence,” Coroner Howard Laney said. Of the two that attacked their owners, what species were they? Retrieved December 14, 2018, from https://www.felineconservation.org/uploads/bltx_big_cats_by_species_and_type_of_facility_2016.pdf. Experienced zookeeper David Marshall ignored warning signs that the tiger was present in the enclosure and entered it, inexplicably. Most owners have been on the receiving end of a cat attack. Did he run in to her? About the same number of incidents resulted in injuries (47.1%) over this 18 year period as did not result in injury (48.7%) [Figure 3]. Some incidences on the list did not state the name of the facility or owner, and I couldn't determine the nature of the situation. Big Cat Safety Incidents by Type - Zoological Facilities. A cat’s weapons are painful and … Some examples include: "Nicki Phung, 31 and Steven Tieu, 38, admitted in federal court to trying to illegally import a real, stuffed tiger into the United States. Even with some incidents missing, this compiled data set still provides vital information about where and how big cat safety incidents have occurred over time in the United States. The press had a terrible time getting the story correct because of the grandstanding erroneous comments made by the Fresno Coroner. None of the other species were involved in more than 7% of the incidents. While the media frequently references populations of 10,000 tigers in the Unites States, these population claims have been inflated by a lack of accurate sources. For instance, an incident with an animal owned by a zoological facility but taken to a mall for a cub-interaction venture would have been categorized by setting as “entertainment / outreach” rather than “zoological facility.”. The Federal ban on big cat sales across state lines as pets has helped slow the escalation of events, but a full ban on possession is needed. (2018). The data set compiled in this study cannot be 100% accurate for several reasons. The 'incident' lists and statistics derived from them are flawed. Cats attack instinctively to a smaller person running away from them - just look at domesticated kittens in the household. Melissa A Smith (author) from New York on February 02, 2015: PSWendy-- The Daily Mail article makes it sound like the lion did force the door open, but because it was not secured all the way. Surprisingly, there were zero fatalities in 2009, 2010, 2011, and 2012, but 2 in 2013. My beliefs are subject to change based on available evidence. We should only assess public safety threat by the available information that we have where the public has been injured. Species Involved in Big Cat Safety Incidents - Private Non-Professional Settings. Wow,your article makes me want to raise a lion or tiger. This is an extremely important question. Injuries to Minors During Big Cat Safety Incidents by Setting. When lionesses attack: Horrific footage as 'domestic' big cat leaps on man in European guest house and leaves his shirt in ribbons. March 25, 2001 Las Vegas, NV: A tiger with Safari Wildlife attacked and killed his handler Eric Bloom. Figure 12. In terms of big cat-related fatalities, the majority occur in USDA facilities, and there are far more of these unaccredited (by AZA) facilities than there are AZA-accredited facilities. One, this section of the website is under the tab "Big Cat Attacks", and then modifies that statement to "Yearly Maulings Killings and Escapes by Big Cats" further down the page. Outcomes of Incidents in Private Non-Professional (Wildlife Removed), Figure 25. Around 60 were private pet owners, and 33 were private exhibitors. When frequency data by year for both zoological facilities and private non-professional settings were compared to the total number of incidents per year [Figure 9], it was clear that incidents in private non-professional settings were usually a large fraction of the total in the early 2000s, but that after 2008 incidents in zoological facilities comprised the majority of big cat safety incidents. Born Free USA. The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) only records incidents that are reported (or observed) at facilities they license. The 250-pound tiger snatched the boy from the arms of an adult, clamped down on his leg, and dragged him around the enclosure, causing head injuries. Being in the enclosure with a big cat is risky enough, but doing so while alone and cleaning is tremendously dangerous. Only a few incidents (4.2%) resulted in death. What we should do: Appropriately-designed regulations can make rare big cat attack incidences even rarer.